'Competent’ or ‘Considerate’? The Persistence of Gender Bias in Evaluation of Leaders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this article is to analyze the possible persistence of gender bias in the evaluation of leaders in Finland. Findings are based on two different studies. The first study confirmed that the perceived effectiveness and likeability ratings of fictive leaders (n = 358) varied as a function of leader gender. The second study, based on qualitative content analysis of subordinates’ descriptions (n = 119) of good and poor leaders, pointed to gendered differences in the dimensions that subordinates paid attention: female leaders were both more likely than men to be praised for having, and criticized for not having, communal traits, whereas men were more likely than women to be judged on their expertise. As Finland has consistently been rated one of the most gender-equal countries in the world, these findings can be seen as particularly strong evidence of the persistence of gender bias in evaluations and of ongoing gendering of leadership.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalNordic Journal of Working Life Studies
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)59-79
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 24.02.2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • gender bias
  • gender role congruity
  • gender stereotypes
  • leadership
  • performance evaluations

Areas of Strength and Areas of High Potential (AoS and AoHP)

  • AoS: Leading for growth and well-being


Dive into the research topics of ''Competent’ or ‘Considerate’? The Persistence of Gender Bias in Evaluation of Leaders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this