Dynamic improvisation capabilities as a learning mechanism in early internationalizing firms

Sylvie Chetty*, Peter Gabrielsson, Mika Gabrielsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Our study addresses an inconsistency in the literature on whether a lack of knowledge in early internationalizing firms is an obstacle or an advantage. We integrate learning, capabilities, and improvisation literature to reveal how case firms from New Zealand and Finland internationalize early under uncertainty and time pressure. We develop a process model and propositions to show how firms develop improvisation capabilities and subsequently rapidly acquire the international business knowledge that can explain early internationalization. Improvisation and the associated rapid learning complement the learning advantage of newness with an alternative explanation for early internationalization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101531
Peer-reviewed scientific journalJournal of World Business
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 12.04.2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Capabilities
  • Foreign market entries
  • Improvisation
  • Internationalization
  • Learning
  • Uncertainty

Cite this