Entrepreneurship and well-being: The role of psychological autonomy, competence, and relatedness

Nadav Shir, Boris N. Nikolaev, Joakim Wincent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

195 Citations (Scopus)


Drawing upon the self-determination theory, we develop a two-stage multi-path mediation model in which psychological autonomy mediates the relationship between active engagement in entrepreneurship and well-being partially through its effect on psychological competence and relatedness. We test this model on a representative sample of 1837 working individuals (251 early-stage entrepreneurs) from Sweden. We find active engagement in entrepreneurial work tasks to be strongly associated with well-being relative to non-entrepreneurial work. Thus, we highlight the importance of individual self-organization—with autonomy at its core—which makes entrepreneurial work more beneficial in terms of basic psychological needs compared to other work alternatives.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalJournal of Business Venturing
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 01.11.2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Well-being
  • Self-organization
  • Psychological needs


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