Factors affecting efficiency of electronic customs and firm performance in Vietnam

Thanh H. Nguyen*, David B. Grant, Christopher Bovis, Thuy L. Nguyen, Yen H. Mac

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The paper identifies the enablers (drivers) and inhibitors (barriers) influencing e-customs implementation in Vietnam (known as a developing country with a lower technological environment) along with determining the impact of e-customs on firm performance. The survey was conducted with the representatives (managers) of firms in five cities and provinces dominating Vietnam’s international trade. The data was analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). The findings show two significant drivers (enablers) - relative advantages and national culture, while compatibility and ease of use are the barriers. Previous studies showed that cultural dimensions related to ‘uncertainty acceptance’ and ‘individualism’ encourage innovation; however, this paper demonstrates that ‘uncertainty avoidance’ and ‘collectivism’ promote e-customs deployment in Vietnam. Previously, Vietnamese culture was known for scoring high on cultural dimensions related to ‘power distance’ and ‘short-term orientation’. However, today, as an emerging country, Vietnamese has switched to ‘low distance’ and ‘long-term orientation’, especially in terms of e-customs innovation. Additionally, the paper also emphasized that e-customs implementation had a positive influence on firm performance in Vietnam. Based on the results of the paper, policy-makers can devise essential solutions to enhance e-customs implementation as well as managers of firms can set-up strategies to adapt to the modernized environment.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalJournal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
Volume8
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)151-164
Number of pages14
ISSN2288-4637
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08.01.2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed

Areas of Strength and Areas of High Potential (AoS and AoHP)

  • AoHP: Humanitarian and societal logistics

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