Finnish Response to the First Wave of COVID-19 Accentuated Persuasion

Petteri Repo*, Pia Polsa, Päivi Timonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


While the first confirmed case of Covid-19 appeared already at the end of January 2020, the first wave of the pandemic remained more subdued in Finland than in other European countries. In this chapter, we look at how Finnish society responded to and took action during the first wave of the pandemic, which lasted until June 2020. In particular, we review key societal and political responses within a systemic framework focused on community wellbeing and individual quality of life, as proposed by Shultz, Rahtz, and Sirgy (2017). The Finnish response was led by the government, and it prompted dramatic restrictions on the freedom of personal movement and new labor market arrangements. Additionally, significant financial support was given to businesses. Schools went online, as did many workplaces. While people at times expressed uncertainties about the effects of these responses, they resulted in fewer deaths and less of a drop in economic activity than in other European countries. Persuasion rather than command was characteristic of the Finnish response, and the wellbeing framework highlights that the way in which goods and services as well as recreational and cultural opportunities are provided to citizens and consumers require attention during pandemics.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCommunity, Economy and COVID-19 : Lessons from Multi-Country Analyses of a Global Pandemic
EditorsClifford J. Shultz, II, Don R. Rahtz, M. Joseph Sirgy
Number of pages23
Place of PublicationCham
Publication date2022
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-98151-8
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-98152-5
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA3 Book chapter

Publication series

NameCommunity Quality-of-Life and Well-Being
ISSN (Print)2520-1093
ISSN (Electronic)2520-1107


  • 314,2 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
  • 520 Other social sciences

Areas of Strength and Areas of High Potential (AoS and AoHP)

  • AoS: Responsible organising


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