Gender, state and citizenships: Challenges and dilemmas in feminist theorizing

Jeff Hearn, Barbara Hobson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The concept of citizenships, in the plural, reflects different research traditions in citizenship theorizing: citizenship as legal status in a sovereign state, as a bearer of rights and obligations; citizenship as participation (civic republicanism); and citizenship as social membership. Each of these enhance the capabilities of individuals to become participants in political, economic and social spheres of life. Citizenships as a concept also embraces practices: how these aspects of citizenship are experienced in everyday encounters and the relationships of power: in families, workplaces, welfare offices, social movements and their variations in institutional contexts.
We focus on how gender has become more salient in theorizing across these citizenship domains, extending the boundaries of social membership and inclusion (Lister 2003; Hobson and Lister 2002). Implicit in the pluralizing of citizenships is the recognition of the need for a dynamic concept that engages with multi-dimensional aspects of gender, citizenships and social memberships within, below and beyond the state. This approach allows us to capture both the diversity in locations and situations of individuals and groups and the multi-scalar structures of governance: by national and transnational institutions and actors, as well as the opportunities and constraints for social movements to transform them. Finally, this chapter engages with the theoretical terrain on intersectionalities, viewing gender through the lens of complex inequalities across age, citizenship/migrant status, class, ethnicity/race, region, and their intersections. Throughout we engage with the dilemmas and challenges in theorizing gender, citizenships and social memberships: if and how gender matters in the framing of citizenship and what processes shape social divisions and citizenship identities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe New Handbook of Political Sociology
EditorsThomas Janoski , Cedric de Leon, Joya Misra , Isaac Martin
Number of pages38
Place of PublicationCambridge
PublisherCambridge University Press
Publication date2020
Pages153-190
ISBN (Print)978-1107193499
ISBN (Electronic) 9781108147828
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA3 Book chapter

Keywords

  • 517 Political science
  • citizenship
  • gender
  • feminism
  • state
  • migration
  • social theory

Areas of Strength and Areas of High Potential (AoS and AoHP)

  • AoS: Responsible organising

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