Geographic variation in fertility measures in Sweden in (1749-1870)

Johan Fellman, Aldur Eriksson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


We analysed geographic variation in the number of males per 100 females at birth also called the secondary sex ratio (SR), the crude birth rate (CBR), the total fertility rate (TFR) and the twinning rate (TWR). Earlier studies have noted geographic variations in the TWR and racial differences in the SR. Statistical analyses have shown that comparisons between SRs demand large data sets
because random fluctuations in moderate data are marked. Consequently, reliable results presuppose national birth data. In this study, we analysed historical demographic data and investigated the geographic variations between the counties in Sweden for the SR among the live born (1749-1869), the CBR in 1751-1870, the TFR in 1860 and the TWR in 1751-1860. We built spatial models and as regressors we used geographic co-ordinates for the residences of the counties in Sweden. The influence of the CBR and TFR on the SR and TWR was examined. For all variables, we obtained spatial variations, albeit of different patterns and power. Hence, no common spatial pattern for the demographic variables SR, TFR, CBR and TWR was detected, but a better fit was noted for TFR, CBR and TWR than for SR.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalBritish Journal of Medicine and Medical Research
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 112 Statistics and probability
  • 314,2 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
  • KOTA2015

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