Gross, net, and new job creation by entrepreneurs

Thomas Åstebro, Joacim Tåg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Using a dataset with over 24 million year-employment observations and the universe of more than 230,000 entries into entrepreneurship in one economy we analyze the gross (including the founders), net (excluding the founders), and new (jobs to the former unemployed or those outside the labor force) job creation by entrepreneurs two and six years after start-up. These novel measures of job creation show that the average entrepreneur does not create any jobs for any other than him/her-self, and typically arrives from having another job. Thus, short term job creation by entrepreneurs involves a reshuffling of jobs from older to new firms rather than creating new jobs.

Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalJournal of Business Venturing Insights
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 11.2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Incorporation
  • Job creation
  • Occupational choice
  • Self-employment
  • Sole proprietorship


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