Historical demography of Iceland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Knowledge of the seasonal variation in births and deaths during normal years is important for analyses of the effects of wars, famines, epidemics or similar privations on these variables. In studies of seasonality, multiple trigonometric regression models are more flexible than the simple sine curve. The seasonal variation in mortality in Iceland, 1856-1990, shows a strong secular decrease, and a connection between this and the epidemiological transition is considered. Comparisons with findings in other European countries are made. The temporal trends in Iceland of the birth components; the twinning rate, the still birth rate and the secondary sex ratio, are presented and compared with the orresponding values in neighbouring countries. No marked differences were emerged.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalBritish Journal of Medicine and Medical Research
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 112 Statistics and probability
  • Seasonality
  • trigonometric regression
  • epidemiological transition
  • years of famine
  • death rate
  • twinning rate
  • still birth rate
  • sex ratio
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Norway
  • Scotland
  • Sweden


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