Impact of modern slavery allegations on operating performance

Kezban Yagci Sokat*, Nezih Altay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Modern slavery is a humanitarian problem that affects global supply chains. Given the increasing pressures from legislature, consumers and investors, firms have a growing interest in eliminating forced labor and modern slavery from their supply chains. However, the impact of modern slavery on firm performance has not been shown before. This paper aims to investigate the impact of modern slavery allegations on companies’ operational performance. It also looks at the role of corporate social responsibility (CSR) efforts with respect to modern slavery.
Design/methodology/approach: The authors collect news articles on modern slavery in the global supply chains. The authors use an event study and use a robust matching method to measure the operational impact of modern slavery allegations. The authors also analyze the effects of media coverage and CSR practices on the relationship between allegations and firm performance. Findings: The results show that modern slavery allegations do have a negative impact on performance, but this impact does not last long. The authors also show that strong CSR practices help firms mitigate the negative effect of these allegations.
Research limitations/implications: Because the issue is hidden, as a result limited data, the research results may lack generalizability. Therefore, researchers are encouraged to retest the proposed propositions in the future. Practical implications: The paper includes implications for the development of socially responsible supply chains and financial impact.
Originality/value: This paper presents the first empirical research investigating the impact of modern slavery allegations on companies’ operational performance.

Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalSupply chain management
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)470-485
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 28.03.2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Event study
  • Modern slavery
  • Social responsibility

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