Industry 4.0 and sustainability: Towards conceptualization and theory

Mirjam Beltrami, Guido Orzes*, Joseph Sarkis, Marco Sartor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

132 Citations (Scopus)


Both Industry 4.0 and sustainability have gained momentum in the academic, managerial and policy debate. Despite the relevance of the topics, the relation between Industry 4.0 and sustainability – revealed by many authors – is still unclear; literature is fragmented. This paper seeks to overcome this limit by developing a systematic literature review of 117 peer-reviewed journal articles. After descriptive and content analyses, the work presents a conceptualization and theoretical framework. The paper contributes to both theory and practice by advancing current understanding of Industry 4.0 and sustainability, especially the impact of Industry 4.0 technologies on sustainability practices and performance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number127733
Peer-reviewed scientific journalJournal of Cleaner Production
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 08.2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Industry 4.0
  • Fourth industrial revolution
  • Internet of things
  • Sustainability
  • Conceptual framework


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