Integrating Strategic Carbon Management into Formal Evaluation of Environmental Supplier Development Programs

Yijie Dou, Qinghua Zhu*, Joseph Sarkis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing global environmental pressures from regulators, markets and communities have caused focal companies in supply chains to recognize the significance of environmentally conscious management. Greener supply chains are part of this recognition. Environmental supplier development is a valuable and viable strategy for greening supply chains. However, low carbon management is rarely explored in supplier development. Further, formal tools and models for focal companies to evaluate environmental supplier development programs (ESDPs) considering low carbon management and their effect on supplier performance improvement are limited. To help address these gaps in the literature, this paper proposes a portfolio evaluation model for ESDPs that consider three types of supplier performance: traditional operational factors, traditional environmental factors and low carbon management factors. This model applies the fuzzy scoring method to measure the effect of ESDPs on supplier performance, and uses fuzzy DEMATEL to examine the cause–effect interrelationships among the ESDPs. Subsequently, a real world example is used to demonstrate the application of the portfolio model and provide insights into environmental supplier development evaluation, followed by discussions of case application results. This paper concludes with directions for further research.

Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalBusiness Strategy and the Environment
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)873-891
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 04.04.2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • environmental supplier development
  • climate change
  • carbon management
  • supply chain management
  • sustainability
  • performance management
  • fuzzy set theory


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