Is there a two-way relationship between cynicism and job strain? Evidence from a prospective population-based study

Maria Törnroos, Marko Elovainio, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen*, Taina Hintsa, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Christian Hakulinen, Päivi Merjonen, Töres Theorell, Mika Kivimäki, Olli T. Raitakari, Mirka Hintsanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the bidirectional relationship between job strain and cynicism. Methods: The study sample was obtained from the Young Finns study and comprised 757 participants (399 women, 53%). The bidirectional association between cynicism and job strain over a 6-year-follow-up was examined with a cross-lagged structural equation model, controlling for a number of demographic variables. Results: High job strain (β = 0.08; P = 0.007) was associated with higher baseline-adjusted cynicism 6 years later. Nevertheless, cynicism was not associated with baseline-adjusted job strain. The additional analysis showed that cynicism mediated 21.5% of the relationship between job strain and depression. Conclusions: Perceptions of having a highly strenuous job may elicit mistrustful and cynical attitudes in employees, which in turn may lead to mental health problems.

Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume57
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
ISSN1076-2752
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.09.2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed

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