Measuring Biodiversity: Mission Impossible?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


With the human population continuing to grow and global warming increasing, biodiversity is threatened at an unprecedented rate. Biodiversity encompasses a wide range of species and ecosystems, and the connections between them. This chapter outlines the critical role of the financial sector in restoring biodiversity and equity among ecosystems. While there are several financial instruments such as bonds that have been developed to specifically address the challenge of biodiversity loss, their effectiveness is unclear. We are missing comprehensive measurement approaches and indicators to assess the success of these instruments. This chapter outlines three key challenges: 1) the complexity of biodiversity and the lack of delimitation from other concepts such as natural capital; 2) the diversity of measurement approaches and indicators; and 3) the lack of reliable data. Exploring these challenges, this chapter compiles the current state of biodiversity measurement and financing and outlines ways forward.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of Green Finance
EditorsOthman M. Lehner, Theresia Harrer, Hanna Silvola, Olaf Weber
Number of pages17
Place of PublicationNew York
Publication date2024
ISBN (Print)978-1-032-38529-7, 978-1-032-38533-4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-003-34549-7
Publication statusPublished - 2024
MoE publication typeA3 Book chapter

Publication series

NameRoutledge international handbooks


  • 511 Economics


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