Recommendation on Measures to Safeguard Freedom of Expression and Undistorted Competition in EU Trade Mark Law

Martin Senftleben, Pernille Bruun Andersen, Lionel A. F. Bently, Robert Burrell, Buydens Mireille II , Vincenzo Di Cataldo, Estelle Derclaye, Graeme B. Dinwoodie, Severine Dusollier, Dev Saif Gangjee, Christophe Geiger, Jonathan Griffiths, Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan, Annette Kur, Nari Lee, David Llewelyn, Timo Minssen, Ansgar Ohly, Alexander Peukert, Marco RicolfiOle Andreas Rognstad, Jens Schovsbo, Paul L.C. Torremans, Dirk J.G. Visser, Katja Weckstrom (Lindroos), Lukasz Zelechowski

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


Whatever the protection afforded to trade marks, it must always be balanced against general interests, in particular the fundamental freedom of expression and the guarantee of undistorted competition, as reflected in the Lisbon Treaty, the Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights. The need for an appropriate balance is inherent in trade mark law. It is an issue of particular importance in the light of ongoing technological, economic and social developments, and of considerable complexity because of the diversity of legitimate interests of trade mark proprietors, consumers, competitors and the public at large.

Against this background, the Recommendation provides guidance on how to offer sufficient room for freedom of expression and freedom of competition in the envisaged new EU trade mark legislation. It addresses measures to be taken by legislators, trade mark registration offices and the courts at various stages: from the grant of trade mark rights and the analysis of trade mark infringement to limitations of trade mark protection and the appropriate distribution of the burden of proof.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherSocial Science Research Network
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 16.09.2014
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study


  • 513 Law
  • KOTA2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Recommendation on Measures to Safeguard Freedom of Expression and Undistorted Competition in EU Trade Mark Law'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this