State Ownership and Corruption

Steve Billon, Robert Gillanders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


We test two interesting results that can be obtained from a simplified version of the theoretical model of Shleifer and Vishny (Q J Econ 109(4):995–1025, 1994) that studies bargaining between politicians and managers of state-owned firms. The model suggests that firms with more state ownership tend to pay less in bribes but not have a different experience of costly obstacles imposed on them by politicians. In our full sample, the results suggest that a one percentage increase in state ownership is associated with a $125 reduction in the total annual informal payment of the firm and with a 0.5 % decrease in the probability that a firm will consider corruption to be an obstacle to their current operations. We refine these average relationships by splitting the sample by global region. Only in our Europe and Central Asia sample do we find strong evidence in support of the first result and again we find a significant effect of state ownership on obstacles.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalInternational Tax and Public Finance
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1074–1092
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 511 Economics
  • State ownership
  • Corruption
  • Privatisation
  • Bribery


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