Taking stock of empirical research on business ecosystems: a literature review

Kati Järvi, Samuli Kortelainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


The current state of empirical research on ecosystems is reviewed, including business, innovation and platform ecosystems. A systematic literature review identifies several units of analysis: the individual actor, the relationship between actors and the ecosystem as a whole. Taking these units of analysis into account, various theoretical perspectives in ecosystem research are analysed. A number of methodologies utilised in previous empirical research on ecosystems of different types are also described. The paper contributes to emerging theory on ecosystems in the field of business and management.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalInternational Journal of Business and Systems Research
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)215-228
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Business ecosystem
  • Innovation ecosystem
  • Technology ecosystem
  • Platform ecosystem
  • Literature review


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