Temporal and Spatial Variations in the Twinning Rate in Norway

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Strong geographical variations have been noted in the twinning rate (TWR). In general, the rate is high among people of African origin, intermediate among Europeans, and low among most Asiatic populations. In Europe, there tends to be a south–north cline, with a progressive increase in the TWR from south to
north and a minimum around the Basque provinces. The highest TWRs in Europe have been found among the Nordic populations. Furthermore, within larger populations, small isolated subpopulations have been identified to have extreme, mainly high, TWRs. In the study of the temporal variation of the TWR in Norway, we consider the period from 1900 to 2014. The regional variation of the TWR in Norway is analyzed for the different counties for two periods, 1916–1926 and 1960–1988. Heterogeneity between the regional TWRs in Norway during 1916–1926 was found, but the goodness of fit for the alternative spatial models was only slight. The optimal regression model for the TWR in Norway has the longitude and its square as regressors. According to this model, the spatial variation is distributed in a west–east direction. For 1960–1988, no significant regional variation was observed. One may expect that the environmental and genetic differences between the counties in Norway have disappeared and that and that the regional TWRs have converged towards a common low level.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalTwin Research and Human Genetics
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)359-366
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 06.2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 112 Statistics and probability


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