Temporary and persistent overweight and long-term labor market outcomes

Liisa T. Laine*, Ari Hyytinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We study how the duration of being overweight earlier in life is related to subsequent long-term labor market outcomes. Our data on fraternal and identical twins born and raised in the same household contain weight measurements of the twins during their early adulthood measured in 1975, 1981, and 1990 and is linked to register-based administrative data on the earnings and employment from 1990 to 2009. When combined, these data enable an empirical strategy that controls for the family environment and genes shared by twins. We find that being persistently overweight during early adulthood is negatively associated with long-term earnings for both women and men. We find that for women, the association is driven by a decrease in labor market-attachment, whereas for men, the association is driven by lower annual earnings.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalInternational Journal of Health Economics and Management
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 09.11.2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 511 Economics
  • overweight
  • obesity
  • long-term earnings
  • labor market attachment
  • genes

Areas of Strength and Areas of High Potential (AoS and AoHP)

  • AoS: Competition economics and service strategy - Quantitative consumer behaviour and competition economics


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