The early development of Born Global firms in the software industry

Jody Wren, Mika Gabrielsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


This paper explores the early development of five Finnish Born Globals in the software industry, including the characteristics of Born Globals at and post-inception. Results show that Born Globals are not always founded by entrepreneurs with a global mindset and international business experience. Instead founders often resemble the entrepreneurs of the classical start-up development models and are technology-minded with limited knowledge of planning or marketing techniques. As a result, it is not unusual for the venture capitalist investors of Born Globals to push for the installation of an internationally experienced manager as firm CEO once product development is complete.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalInternational Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation
Issue number3/4
Pages (from-to)332-353
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • born globals
  • global mindset
  • start-up development
  • software industry
  • born global firms
  • Finland
  • entrepreneurhsip
  • internationalisation


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