The impact of welfare state systems on innovation performance and competitiveness: European country clusters

Ali Hajighasemi, Pejvak Oghazi*, Shahla Aliyari, Natallia Pashkevich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This article assesses the impact of welfare state systems on the performance of economies in creating the appropriate conditions for innovation and increased competitiveness. Since the 1970s, welfare systems have been regarded as disruptive influences on economic growth. This situation was exacerbated by the intensification of globalization and the emergence of new economies, which led to the need for initiatives to promote innovation and competitiveness, not least in the EU with so many different types of welfare state. To investigate the impact of welfare state systems on innovation performance and competitiveness, we used the European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS), which is based on a variety of indicators, as well as various essential indicators proposed by EU2020 innovation, such as the number of patents and the level of education and employment. The results obtained from the performance of five welfare state clusters of European countries have shown that the most comprehensive welfare states, primarily those in the Nordic countries, have been the most successful in achieving innovation goals and have long been ranked as innovation leaders in Europe. Moreover, public resource allocation for innovation leads to a more comprehensive agenda, including employment promotion, gender equality goals, and sustainability concerns. Welfare costs seem not to reduce competitiveness. And it is competitiveness itself that encourages the development of advanced social security systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100236
Peer-reviewed scientific journalJournal of Innovation and Knowledge
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 10.2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Competitiveness
  • European innovation scoreboard
  • Innovation
  • Innovation activities
  • Innovation indicators
  • Welfare state system


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