The role of clustering, cooperation and complementarities in the visitor attraction

Adi Weidenfeld, Richard Butler, Allan W. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Cooperation and complementarity are important but understudied components of
tourism clusters, in general, and of the tourist attraction sector, in particular. This
paper addresses product similarities, in general, and thematic similarity, in particular, in the context of spatial proximity and clustering among tourist attractions. These relationships are examined by exploring cooperation between tourist attractions in two tourism clusters in Cornwall, UK. Interviews with attraction managers and other key informants, and case studies, reveal that tourist attractions have established cooperative–complementary relationships of production based on external economies at both the local and the regional scales. Differences between the two clusters in terms of interviewees’ perceptions of the relationships between factors indicate the importance of understanding the specific features of individual clusters.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalCurrent Issues in Tourism
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)595-629
Number of pages34
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • KOTA2011


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