The Water, Energy, Food, and Sustainability Nexus Decision Environment: A Multistakeholder Transdisciplinary Approach

Chunguang Bai, Joseph Sarkis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The water, energy, and food (WEF) nexus has gained particular attention in the sustainable development community. Making effective decisions in this environment is difficult. Entwinement from multiple sustainability dimensions and various stakeholder perspectives contribute to this difficulty. Stakeholders have differing goals, interests, and preferences for potential technological and developmental solutions that address WEF nexus concerns. A holistic sustainable management approach with supporting decision support can address these concerns. This article introduces such a holistic framework to address WEF-sustainability (WEFS) concerns. Using a joint neighborhood rough set, interval-valued hesitant fuzzy set, and regret theory technique, this article introduces a multistakeholder transdisciplinary method to support WEFS nexus decisions. An illustrative example integrates the multiple stakeholder and WEFS nexus factors. The illustrative example provides insights into the modeling effort and data requirements. Research, practical implications, along with limitations of the study—which are all discussed—provide a foundation for future research directions in this socio-environmentally important field.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 04.11.2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Stakeholders
  • Sustainable development
  • Decision making
  • Economics
  • Organizations
  • Agriculture
  • Water resources
  • Hesitant fuzzy set
  • regret theory (RT)
  • rough set theory
  • stakeholder theory
  • sustainability
  • water-energy-food (WEF) nexus

Areas of Strength and Areas of High Potential (AoS and AoHP)

  • AoHP: Humanitarian and societal logistics


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