Toward a circular supply chain: Understanding barriers from the perspective of recovery approaches

Sayed Mohammad Ayati*, Ehsan Shekarian, Jukka Majava, Brian Vejrum Wæhrens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


The integration of the concept of the circular economy (CE) within the supply chain is known as the circular supply chain (CSC). Although various articles have identified barriers to implementing CE, no comprehensive study has investigated the impacts of barriers focusing on CSC. This study includes a systematic literature review to contextualize the impact of barriers from the perspective of 3R (i.e., reusing, remanufacturing, and recycling) recovery approaches. It classifies barriers into seven main groups in the context of CSC. The most often observed barriers hindering 3R recovery approaches are identified, and their impacts are discussed. The results demonstrate that barriers related to “economics and finance,” “governments and regulations,” and “society and culture” substantially impact the ability of organizations in the initial phase of adopting recovery approaches. In particular, key findings outline that consumer willingness to purchase recovered products impacts reuse, deficient supportive regulations impact 3R approaches (especially recycling), and a lack of support in the market impacts the ability of organizations to execute remanufacturing effectively. In addition, conducting empirical research is still desirable and creates a meaningful link between theory and practice. It helps to understand the barriers to remanufacturing, reusing, and recycling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131775
Peer-reviewed scientific journalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 20.07.2022
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • 512 Business and Management
  • Barriers
  • Circular economy
  • Recovery approaches
  • Systematic review


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