Toward a common humanitarian supply chain process model: the Frontline Humanitarian Logistics Initiative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose – This study focuses to develop a common humanitarian supply chain process model (HSCPM) that enables effective enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems for NGOs, and the study also investigates the role of modularity as a dynamic capability that supports creating such model.
Design/methodology/approach – A multifocus group study was performed as part of a larger project, the Frontline Humanitarian Logistics Initiative, aiming to establish a common data model that would serve as the backbone of humanitarian ERP systems. Fourteen international humanitarian organizations (IHOs) participated in the process, reaching a consensus on the structure of the process model.
Findings – An HSCPM was proposed based on the consensus reached across IHOs. Four degrees of customization differentiating between “generic,” “tailored,” “specific,” and “unique” processes are presented and discussed.
Research limitations/implications – The findings show modularity applied to process as a mean to create dynamic efficiencies and position the modular process model within the dynamic capabilities framework,
supporting supply chain responsiveness and expanding the literature on supply chain management (SCM), dynamic capabilities, and humanitarian logistics.
Practical implications – This research proposes a consensus-based data model, facilitating the advancement of ERP systems in the humanitarian context and lays a foundation for interoperability among ERP systems across diverse IHOs.
Originality/value – First attempt to elucidate the specific characteristics and unique processes defining an HSCPM, this study reached an unprecedented consensus for the humanitarian sector, setting the base toward an industry standard.
Original languageEnglish
Peer-reviewed scientific journalInternational Journal of Operations and Production Management
Issue number13
Pages (from-to)238-269
Number of pages31
Publication statusPublished - 28.07.2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article - refereed


  • 512 Business and Management
  • process design
  • humanitarian logistics
  • modularity
  • humanitarian supply chain
  • supply chain responsiveness
  • process modularity

Areas of Strength and Areas of High Potential (AoS and AoHP)

  • AoHP: Humanitarian and societal logistics


Dive into the research topics of 'Toward a common humanitarian supply chain process model: the Frontline Humanitarian Logistics Initiative'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this