Bullying behavior and employee well-being: how do different forms of social support buffer against depression, anxiety and exhaustion?

Birgit Pauksztat*, Denise Salin, Momoko Kitada

*Motsvarande författare för detta arbete

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

2 Citeringar (Scopus)


Workplace bullying has severe negative consequences for the well-being of targeted employees. Previous research suggests that social support may buffer against such adverse effects. However, it remains unclear if different forms of support have equally strong effects and if support buffers equally effectively against different outcomes. Further, little is known about social support as a mitigating factor in remote occupational groups such as seafarers. This study examines the buffering effects of four forms of support (instrumental and emotional peer support, company support, non-work support) on three aspects of employee well-being (depression, anxiety, and exhaustion) among seafarers.
Responses to a cross-sectional online survey from a convenience sample of 414 seafarers on international commercial vessels were analyzed using moderated regression analyses with PROCESS.
Exposure to workplace bullying behavior increased seafarers’ depression, anxiety and exhaustion. Instrumental peer support and non-work support buffered the negative impact of bullying on depression. The impact of bullying on exhaustion was buffered by company support. The impact of bullying on anxiety was not buffered by any of the four forms of support.
Extending previous research, the findings suggest that the interaction between workplace bullying and support depends not only on the source of support, but also on the type of support and the outcome considered. While support from colleagues on board was important for seafarers, company and non-work support must not be overlooked. Interventions should, therefore, encourage the development of peer support and ensure access to shore-based support for workers in remote locations.
Referentgranskad vetenskaplig tidskriftInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
StatusPublicerad - 11.03.2022
MoE-publikationstypA1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift


  • 512 Företagsekonomi
  • 314,2 Folkhälsovetenskap, miljö och arbetshälsa

Styrkeområden och områden med hög potential (AoS och AoHP)

  • AoS: Att leda för tillväxt och välmående


Fördjupa i forskningsämnen för ”Bullying behavior and employee well-being: how do different forms of social support buffer against depression, anxiety and exhaustion?”. Tillsammans bildar de ett unikt fingeravtryck.

Citera det här