Challenges in disaster relief operations: evidence from the 2017 Kermanshah earthquake

Amin Maghsoudi*, Mohammad Moshtari

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Sammanfattning

This paper identifies the challenges during a recent disaster relief operation in a developing country where the humanitarian response is dominated by national actors, with international actors having a minor role.
A case study design is used; the main data sources are semi-structured interviews with 43 informants involved in the 2017 Kermanshah earthquake relief operation.
The findings suggest that humanitarian practitioners deal with multiple challenges during disaster relief operations. One group of challenges relates to humanitarian logistics (HL) like needs assessment, procurement, warehousing, transportation, and distribution, all widely discussed in the literature. Another involves the growing use of social media, legitimacy regulations, and the engagement of new humanitarian actors (HAs) like social media activists and celebrities. These factors have not been extensively studied in the literature; given their growing influence, they require more scholarly attention.
The findings will help humanitarian practitioners and policymakers better understand the challenges involved in disaster relief operations conducted by multiple actors and thus help them improve their practices, including the creation of proper regulations, policies, and logistics strategies.
The study uses primary data on a recent disaster to assess and extend the findings of previous studies regarding HL challenges. It also elaborates on the critical non-logistical challenges that influence aid delivery in emergency responses, including the growth of social media, regulations, and the engagement of new HAs. The results may motivate future empirical and modelling studies to investigate the identified challenges and identify practices to mitigate them.
OriginalspråkEngelska
Referentgranskad vetenskaplig tidskriftJournal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management
Antal sidor28
ISSN2042-6747
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 25.12.2020
MoE-publikationstypA1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift

Nyckelord

  • 518 Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
  • 514,2 Social- och samhällspolitik
  • 520 Övriga samhällsvetenskaper
  • 512 Företagsekonomi

Globala mål för hållbar utveckling (SDG)

  • Mål 02: Ingen hunger
  • Mål 17: Genomförande och globalt partnerskap

Styrkeområden och områden med hög potential (AoS och AoHP)

  • AoHP: Humanitär och samhällslogistik

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