Exploring current enablers and barriers for sustainable proximity manufacturing

Petchprakai Sirilertsuwan*, Daniel Hjelmgren, Daniel Ekwall

*Motsvarande författare för detta arbete

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

27 Citeringar (Scopus)


Purpose: Amidst offshoring and reshoring trends, the purpose of this paper is to explore why businesspractitioners, especially from the labour-intensive clothing industry, choose to manufacture some products inproximity to the high-cost European market. Moreover, the rise of sustainability concerns led us to furtherexplore whether these reasons relate to triple bottom line (TBL): business, environment and society.

Design/methodology/approach: The content analysis was adopted for within-case and cross-caseanalysis of data from semi-structured interviews of managers from 12 clothing companies.

Findings: Within-case analysis showed enablers and barriers (factors) of proximity manufacturing withineach company’s characteristics under TBL. Cross-case analysis showed the most-mentioned enablers (high-quality suppliers, short lead-time and fast replenishment) and barriers (expensive production cost and lackof industrial set-up and seamstresses). The findings revealed both common and different factors fromexisting studies.

Research limitations/implications: Besides being motives for companies to bring manufacturing backto Europe, the results can be used by researchers and companies to develop criteria and performancemeasures of manufacturing locations for enhancing the TBL sustainability. Future research may exploredifferent locations and industries for possibilities of proximity–manufacturing generalisation.

Social implications: Findings show that governments could focus on eliminating barriers of proximitymanufacturing and creating favourable institutional infrastructure for the European clothing industryand sustainability.

Originality/value–This paper highlights updated proximity–manufacturing factors from practices in relationto TBL sustainability, including support for proximity manufacturing as a practice for TBL enhancement.
Referentgranskad vetenskaplig tidskriftJournal of Fashion Marketing and Management
Sidor (från-till)551- 571
Antal sidor21
StatusPublicerad - 19.09.2019
MoE-publikationstypA1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift


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