Exploring the application of blockchain to humanitarian supply chains: insights from Humanitarian Supply Blockchain pilot project

Hossein Baharmand*, Amin Maghsoudi, Giulio Coppi

*Motsvarande författare för detta arbete

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

Purpose
Some studies and reports have recently suggested using blockchain technology to improve transparency and trust in humanitarian supply chains (HSCs). However, evidence-based studies to display the utility and applicability of blockchains in HSCs are missing in the literature. This paper aims to investigate the key drivers and barriers of blockchain application to HSCs and explore whether evidence could support that the application of blockchain improves transparency and trust in HSCs.

Design/methodology/approach
This paper puts forward a two-stage approach to explore the blockchain application in HSCs: an initial exploration of humanitarian practitioners and academicians interested in blockchain through focus group discussions; semi-structured interviews with practitioners involved at the UK Department for International Development's Humanitarian Supply Blockchain pilot project.

Findings
First, we found that main drivers include accountability, visibility, traceability, trust, collaboration, time efficiency, reducing administrative work and cross-sector partnership. Main barriers, however, are composed of engagement issues, lack of technical skills and training, lack of resources, privacy concerns, regulatory problems, pilot scalability issues and governance challenges. Second, evidence from our case study revealed the blockchain application could have added value to improve visibility and traceability, thus contributing to improve transparency. Concerning trust, evidence supports that blockchain could enhance both commitment and swift trust in the pilot study.

Practical implications
Our study contributes to a more understanding of added values and challenges of blockchain application to HSCs and creates a perspective for humanitarian decision-makers.

Originality/value
This study provides the first evidence from the actual application of blockchain technology in HSCs. The study discovered that it is still less evident in many humanitarian organizations, including medium- and small-sized nongovernmental organizations, that they engage in a direct deployment of in-house or customized blockchain-based HSC. Instead, these actors are more likely to indirectly use blockchain in HSCs through a private commercial partner.
OriginalspråkEngelska
Referentgranskad vetenskaplig tidskriftInternational Journal of Operations & Production Management
Antal sidor22
ISSN0144-3577
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 20.07.2021
MoE-publikationstypA1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift

Nyckelord

  • 512 Företagsekonomi

Globala mål för hållbar utveckling (SDG)

  • Mål 01: Ingen fattigdom
  • Mål 09: Hållbar industri, innovationer och infrastruktur
  • Mål 17: Genomförande och globalt partnerskap

Styrkeområden och områden med hög potential (AoS och AoHP)

  • AoHP: Digitalisering och hållbarhet inom immateriella rättigheter
  • AoHP: Humanitär och samhällslogistik

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