Interplay of Gender and Nationality in the Early Careers of Finnish Engineering Doctoral Graduates

Johanna Naukkarinen, Susanna Maria Bairoh

Forskningsoutput: Kapitel i bok/rapport/konferenshandlingKonferensbidragVetenskapligPeer review


Studies have shown that intersections of different minority characteristics affect women differently in various stages of engineering education and career. Most research seems to be interested in the interplay of gender and race, but also the intersection of gender with the socio-economic situation, cultural background, and family situation has been investigated. This paper focuses on the intersectional effects of gender and nationality on the early careers of engineering doctoral graduates in Finland. Nationality as a variable is used dichotomously to distinguish between the graduates of a Finnish origin from the others and thus, probably tells more about the social context of the graduates as natives or immigrants than about their actual ethnic or cultural differences. Nevertheless, it conveys important information about the different positions toward employment and career. The data of the study consist of 633 responses to a career monitoring survey administered 3 years after graduation to the doctoral graduates in engineering in Finnish universities. 70% of the respondents were male and 30% female, and they represented 50 different nationalities. 78% of the respondents were Finnish and 22% of other nationalities. The data were collected in years 2018–2020, meaning that the respondents had completed their doctoral degrees between 2015 and 2017. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis. The results reveal that the interplay of gender and nationality has a significant effect on many aspects relating to employment and career. Finnish men are generally better and non-Finnish women worse paid and placed than the others, with Finnish women and non-Finnish men ranking quite similarly with respect to most of the studied variables. Recognizing and understanding these differences is essential for developing actions to support the employment of minoritized groups and thereby creating a more equal working environment for Finnish engineering doctors.
Titel på värdpublikationASEE Annual Conference and Exposition
Antal sidor14
FörlagAmerican Society for Engineering Education
StatusPublicerad - 25.06.2023
MoE-publikationstypA4 Artikel i en konferenspublikation
Evenemang2023 ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: The Harbor of Engineering: Education for 130 Years - Baltimore, USA
Varaktighet: 25.06.202328.06.2023


NamnASEE Annual Conference & Exposition
ISSN (tryckt)2153-5965
ISSN (elektroniskt)2153-5868


  • 516 Pedagogik
  • 222 Övrig teknik och teknologi


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