The optimisation of surveillance and detection systems comprised of specialised cameras is a well-known problem in the operations research literature. In these problems, the aim is to locate optimal camera sites so that their combined coverage with respect to some area of interest – called a cover zone – is maximised. The standard approach is to maximise cover with respect to a single cover zone, and to consider either cameras providing rotational (360°) cover, or cameras fixed to a specific direction and with visibility limited to within the camera's field-of-view. The Rhino Pride Foundation in South Africa required the optimisation of a camera surveillance system for a new protected area. Their coverage requirements were, however, beyond what has been previously encountered in the literature. Four covering objectives over three separate cover zones were to be maximised, while the system was to be optimised for rotational cover during the day, and some cameras would be required to be fixed towards a high-risk zone at night and limited to their field-of-view. A novel multi-attribute genetic algorithm based on the popular NSGA-II was developed for this purpose. Various solutions were provided to and considered by the Rhino Pride Foundation, and the final selected solution resulted in camera site locations providing high-quality cover with respect to all the covering objectives, while requiring fewer cameras than initially expected – resulting in significant cost savings and reduced future maintenance and upgrade requirements. The solution approach presented here may be applied to other site-selection problems with similar coverage requirements, including military radar and weapon systems, and wildfire detection systems.
|Referentgranskad vetenskaplig tidskrift||Computers, Environment and Urban Systems|
|Status||Publicerad - 23.04.2021|
|MoE-publikationstyp||A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift|
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